Collection Highlights

The Spiro people, and their Mississippian peers, are nearly forgotten in the pages of North American history, yet they created one of the most exceptional societies in all of the Americas.

Issaquena Disk

Issaquena Disk

The French Sail up the River in May

The French Sail up the River in May

Engraved shell pendant

Engraved shell pendant

Engraved shell cup

Engraved shell cup

Craig style
Scalloped-rim vessel

Scalloped-rim vessel

WPA mural of hypothetical Spiroan characters

WPA mural of hypothetical Spiroan characters

based on objects found at Spiro
Human face effigy pipe

Human face effigy pipe

Pipe used at the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek
Beaded necklace

Beaded necklace

Engraved shell gorget with human hands

Engraved shell gorget with human hands

Craig style
The Broiling of Their Fish over the Flame

The Broiling of Their Fish over the Flame

Engraved and incised bowl

Engraved and incised bowl

Hodges engraved style
three-tier brown-ware compound bottle with incised line designs

three-tier brown-ware compound bottle with incised line designs

Engraved shell pendant

Engraved shell pendant

Earspool with bird motif

Earspool with bird motif

Human effigy vessel

Human effigy vessel

Tennessee style
Engraved shell cup

Engraved shell cup

Braden style
Jar with incised hands

Jar with incised hands

Forrest Clements

Forrest Clements

Pot hunters digging in the area of the third mound unit of Craig Mound

Pot hunters digging in the area of the third mound unit of Craig Mound

North view
Excavation at south end of main unit

Excavation at south end of main unit

Lear Howell and his wife with looted artifacts from the Spiro and other surrounding sites

Lear Howell and his wife with looted artifacts from the Spiro and other surrounding sites

“A ‘King Tut’ Tomb in the Arkansas Valley”

“A ‘King Tut’ Tomb in the Arkansas Valley”

Destroyed mounds at Spiro site

Destroyed mounds at Spiro site

WPA workers reconstructing ceramics

WPA workers reconstructing ceramics

Four WPA supervisors

Four WPA supervisors

Engraved shell cup

Engraved shell cup

Williams plain jar

Williams plain jar

WPA Drawing

WPA Drawing

WPA Drawing of T-shaped pipe

WPA Drawing of T-shaped pipe

T-shaped pipe

T-shaped pipe

Assorted shell and other artifacts

Assorted shell and other artifacts

Craig Mound in the snow

Craig Mound in the snow

Wooden mask from Spiro

Wooden mask from Spiro

Wooden plate with copper overlay

Wooden plate with copper overlay

Incised shell gorget

Incised shell gorget

Spiro ceramic

Spiro ceramic

Engraved shell cup

Engraved shell cup

Engraved double bottle

Engraved double bottle

Hudson Engraved
CADDO CREATION LEGEND

CADDO CREATION LEGEND

THE LIGHT WITHIN

THE LIGHT WITHIN

PRAYER FOR THE PEOPLE

PRAYER FOR THE PEOPLE

CRADLE OF LOVE

CRADLE OF LOVE

LONG-SHOT

LONG-SHOT

Haley Complicated Incised jar

Haley Complicated Incised jar

Spiro ceramic

Spiro ceramic

Engraved shell gorget

Engraved shell gorget

Triskele style
Human effigy bottle

Human effigy bottle

Bell Plain style
Human effigy

Human effigy

Human effigy bottle

Human effigy bottle

Bell Plain style
The Solemn Consecration of the Skin of a Stag to the Sun

The Solemn Consecration of the Skin of a Stag to the Sun

Exercise of the Youths

Exercise of the Youths

Ceremonies Performed by the Satourioua before Setting off to War

Ceremonies Performed by the Satourioua before Setting off to War

The Erection of Trophies and the Ceremonies Intended to Celebrate the Defeat of the Enemy

The Erection of Trophies and the Ceremonies Intended to Celebrate the Defeat of the Enemy

Human head ear ornaments

Human head ear ornaments

Other-Than-Human-Person pipe

Other-Than-Human-Person pipe

Engraved shell cup

Engraved shell cup

Craig style
Engraved shell cup

Engraved shell cup

Engraved shell cup

Engraved shell cup

Craig style
Human face effigy mask

Human face effigy mask

Engraved shell cup

Engraved shell cup

Craig style
Engraved shell cup

Engraved shell cup

Craig style
Effigy pipe of seated male figure

Effigy pipe of seated male figure

Ceremonial mace

Ceremonial mace

Earthmother effigy pipe

Earthmother effigy pipe

Woodpecker effigy axe

Woodpecker effigy axe

Conquering warrior effigy pipe

Conquering warrior effigy pipe

How the Floridians construct their fortified towns

How the Floridians construct their fortified towns

Knapped and ground stone spud made of kaolin chert

Knapped and ground stone spud made of kaolin chert

Union County, IL
Turtle effigy vessel

Turtle effigy vessel

Turtle effigy vessel

Turtle effigy vessel

Warrior effigy pipe

Warrior effigy pipe

Earspools

Earspools

T-shaped pipe

T-shaped pipe

The Industry of the Floridians in Storing the Products of the Harvest

The Industry of the Floridians in Storing the Products of the Harvest

Engraved shell cup with human face on the shell of turtles

Engraved shell cup with human face on the shell of turtles

Textiles fragment

Textiles fragment

Basketry Mat

Basketry Mat

Double walled lidded basket

Double walled lidded basket

Basket/Tray with “Double Duck” pattern

Basket/Tray with “Double Duck” pattern

The Recreational Walks of the King and Queen

The Recreational Walks of the King and Queen

Monolithic axe

Monolithic axe

Mississippian
Other-Than-Human-Person effigy pipe

Other-Than-Human-Person effigy pipe

Monolithic axe

Monolithic axe

Crown-form mace

Crown-form mace

Crown-form mace

Crown-form mace

Monolithic axe

Monolithic axe

Raptor with human head effigy pipe

Raptor with human head effigy pipe

Crested bird gorget

Crested bird gorget

At the Beginning of a Campaign Outina Consults His Sorcerer

At the Beginning of a Campaign Outina Consults His Sorcerer

Cup with incised long bone and skull motifs

Cup with incised long bone and skull motifs

Funeral Ceremonies in Honor of King and Queens

Funeral Ceremonies in Honor of King and Queens

How the Floridians Deliberate on Important Matters

How the Floridians Deliberate on Important Matters

Long-handled spatulate celt

Long-handled spatulate celt

Bird effigy earspool

Bird effigy earspool

Eight-point star motif earspools

Eight-point star motif earspools

Earspool with cross motif

Earspool with cross motif

Fragment of engraved shell cup with image of Underwater Panther

Fragment of engraved shell cup with image of Underwater Panther

Engraved shell of figure with tattoos and earspools

Engraved shell of figure with tattoos and earspools

Human face effigy with deer antlers

Human face effigy with deer antlers

Engraved shell bead

Engraved shell bead

Human effigy mask

Human effigy mask

Engraved shell cup with depiction of Birdman

Engraved shell cup with depiction of Birdman

Human head effigy plate

Human head effigy plate

Raptor effigy earspools

Raptor effigy earspools

Repoussé plaque depicting human head with long-nosed ear ornaments

Repoussé plaque depicting human head with long-nosed ear ornaments

Human head effigy vessel with facial tattoos

Human head effigy vessel with facial tattoos

Carson Red on Buff type
Human head effigy vessel with facial tattoos

Human head effigy vessel with facial tattoos

Carson Red on Buff type
Long-nosed maskette ear ornaments

Long-nosed maskette ear ornaments

Engraved shell cup with long-nosed maskette on floating head

Engraved shell cup with long-nosed maskette on floating head

Tribute point

Tribute point

Grouping of Tribute points

Grouping of Tribute points

Crystal owl and feline boatstone effigy

Crystal owl and feline boatstone effigy

Crystal effigy boatstone of sphinx moth pupa

Crystal effigy boatstone of sphinx moth pupa

Crystal points

Crystal points

Assorted point types from Spiro

Assorted point types from Spiro

Engraved shell cup

Engraved shell cup

Mineral Springs knife

Mineral Springs knife

Florence chert Kay knife

Florence chert Kay knife

Florence chert Kay knife

Florence chert Kay knife

Engraved shell cup

Engraved shell cup

Engraved gorget with two dancing figures holding rattles and drums

Engraved gorget with two dancing figures holding rattles and drums

Craig style
Engraved gorget with two dancing figures surrounding a pole

Engraved gorget with two dancing figures surrounding a pole

Engraved shell cup with long-nosed-god maskette on floating head

Engraved shell cup with long-nosed-god maskette on floating head

Engraved shell cup in relief

Engraved shell cup in relief

Braden style
Engraved shell cup with two supernatural figures with snake extremities dancing above a coiled snake

Engraved shell cup with two supernatural figures with snake extremities dancing above a coiled snake

Craig style
Engraved gorget with human head effigies in relief

Engraved gorget with human head effigies in relief

Craig style
Engraved shell cup depicting eagle heads

Engraved shell cup depicting eagle heads

Craig Style
Engraved shell cup depicting armadillos

Engraved shell cup depicting armadillos

Craig style
Human effigy

Human effigy

Craig style
Engraved shell gorget of human hands

Engraved shell gorget of human hands

Craig style
Engraved shell gorget with hands and spider

Engraved shell gorget with hands and spider

Craig style
Engraved shell with four winged serpents surrounding a cross-in-circle motif

Engraved shell with four winged serpents surrounding a cross-in-circle motif

Craig style
Engraved shell cup with underwater serpents

Engraved shell cup with underwater serpents

Incised jar with four story panels

Incised jar with four story panels

corn, hummingbird, hand with circles, and spider
Rattlesnake Disk

Rattlesnake Disk

WPA excavation

WPA excavation

Animal effigy bottle of Underwater Panther

Animal effigy bottle of Underwater Panther

Ceremonial Mace

Ceremonial Mace

Tah’-nah-ha—Buffalo
Engraved conch shell of falcon warrior

Engraved conch shell of falcon warrior

Otter Turban

Otter Turban

Panther Clan Regalia

Panther Clan Regalia

Excavation at north end of main unit at profiles along rows 19, 20, 21

Excavation at north end of main unit at profiles along rows 19, 20, 21

Southwest view
Peyote Rattle

Peyote Rattle

Pipe Bowl and Stem

Pipe Bowl and Stem

Kneeling figure effigy pipe

Kneeling figure effigy pipe

Double bowl T-shaped pipe

Double bowl T-shaped pipe

Preparations for a Feast

Preparations for a Feast

His Hair Flows Like a River

His Hair Flows Like a River

Double-walled basket with eye-dazzler pattern

Double-walled basket with eye-dazzler pattern

Engraved gorget with spider and cosmic motif

Engraved gorget with spider and cosmic motif

“Discovery of New World”

“Discovery of New World”

Minko Regalia

Minko Regalia

Monolithic Axe

Monolithic Axe

P-i-ta-u-ni-wan’-ha—To have power
Untitled Drawing

Untitled Drawing

Cultural Legacy
Spiro Cup

Spiro Cup

“Village Scene”

“Village Scene”

Repoussé plate of bird effigy

Repoussé plate of bird effigy

Horse Tripod Vessel

Horse Tripod Vessel

Deé-Tumbah Kah’-Wis
Friendship Blanket

Friendship Blanket

Everything Belongs

Everything Belongs

Everlasting Fire Plate

Everlasting Fire Plate

River of Art

River of Art

Cosmic Twins

Cosmic Twins

Cloak of the Eagle

Cloak of the Eagle

Wyandot Reemergence

Wyandot Reemergence

Bird Effigy Bowl

Bird Effigy Bowl

Beaded bandolier bag

Beaded bandolier bag

Dragon Fly Pot

Dragon Fly Pot